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Palmach

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Palmach Founded by British Mandate of Palestine
May 15, 1941
  • The Palmach was established by the British military and Haganah on May 15, 1941 to help the British protect Palestine from the Nazi German threat.
  • They were also to assist Allied forces with the planned invasion of Syria and Lebanon, then held by Vichy French forces.
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British Forces Trained Palmach  in Small Arms and Explosives
  • British experts trained the Palmach special soldiers and equipped them with small arms and explosives.
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Palyam (Sea Companies) Division of Palmach Formed
1943
  • (Sea Companies)the naval force of the Palmach was formed in 1943, attached to the Palmach's Staff Battalion (the 4th Battalion). They were in charge of underwater demolition and maritime activity units. The majority of their activities were related to the escorting of ships of Aliyah Bet, immigration ships (66 of them in all) bringing Jewish refugees from Europe by boat, despite the British White Paper of 1939 which introduced restrictions on Jewish immigration to Palestine.
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Haganah/Palmach/Stern Gang
"Night of the Bridges"
June 16-17, 1946
  • Operation Markolet (known as Night of the Bridges) was a Haganah venture on the night of the 16th to the 17th of June 1946 in the British Mandate of Palestine. Its aim was to destroy eleven bridges linking Palestine to the neighboring countries Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt, in order to immobilize its transportation.
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British "Black Sabbath" Operation Pursued Palmach and Haganah Leadership
June 29, 1946
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Palmach Kills Ten, Including Four Children and a Woman, in Retaliation Strike
December 18, 1948
  • On December 18 the Palmach - the kibbutz-based strike force of the Haganah (the Defense Force of the Jewish settlement in Palestine, the precursor of the IDF) - carried out a "retaliation" operation against the village of Khissas, killing 10 Arabs, including one woman and four children. Israeli military historian Uri Milshtein writes that this operation, commanded by Moshe Dayan, was contrary to Haganah policy "not to 'heat up' relatively quiet areas," but was justified by Dayan on the grounds that it had a "desirable effect." Sykes suggests than this operation, three weeks before the first Arab irregulars entered the country, may have "precipitated the next phase of the war." (The Fateful Triangle, p. 95)
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