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Intel - Terrorism
Abu Nidal
Fatah Revolutionary Council

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List of attacks attributed to Abu Nidal


 

Munich 1972 Olympics
September 5, 1972
  • Abu Nidal is believed to have been involved in the planning of the Munich massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics.
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Aborted Assassination Attempt Against PLO Leader Yassir Arafat
October 4, 1974
  • Aborted assassination attempt on Yasser Arafat and Mahmoud Abbas. Following this he is sentenced to death in absentia by the PLO council. It is at this point that he founds the independent Abu Nidal Organisation.
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Splits from PLO Leadership
1974
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Sabri al-Banna Emerges as Leader
Calls Himself Abu Nidal as His "Nom de Guerre"
1974
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Killing of PLO Leadership in London
Said Hammami
Januaryy 4, 1978
  • Assassination of Said Hammami, PLO representative in London, Great Britain
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Brussels
1978
  • Assassination of PLO representative in Brussels, Belgium.
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Kuwait
Ali Yassin
June 15, 1978
  • Assassination of Ali Yassin, PLO representative in Kuwait.
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Paris
Izz al-Din al-Kalal
August 3, 1978
  • Izz al-Din al-Kalak, PLO representative to Paris, France is assassinated along with an assistant.
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Pakistan
August 5, 1978
  • PLO offices in Islamabad, Pakistan are attacked.
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Rome
1978
  • Assassination of PLO representative in Rome, Italy.
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Killing of PLO Leadership in Madrid
1978
  • Assassination of PLO representative in Madrid.
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Grenade Attack Against Jewish Teenagers in Antwerp, Belgium
July 27, 1980
  • 1 killed, 20 wounded
  • Attack with 2 hand grenades on Jewish group of boys going to Aguda Holiday Camp Antwerp, Belgium. (Killing one 14 year old and wounding over 20 boys)
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Attack on Vienna Synagogue
August 29, 1981
  • 2 killed, 23 wounded
  • 1981 Vienna synagogue attack Three men attacked a Vienna synagogue with machine guns. Two civilians were killed and 23 wounded, including 3 policemen. The attackers were arrested and imprisoned.
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Assassination of PLO Officer Majed Sharar in Rome
October 6, 1981
  • PLO officer Majed Abu Sharar was assassinated by a bomb hidden in his hotel room in Rome, Italy.
  • ANO claimed he was compromising the principles of the revolution.
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Assassination of Israeli Ambassador to Britain
Shlomo Argov
June 3, 1982
  • On 3 June 1982, three ANO operatives—Hussein Ghassan Said, Nawaf al-Rosan, and Marwan al-Banna, Abu Nidal's cousin—approached Shlomo Argov, the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, as he left the Dorchester Hotel on Park Lane, London. Said shot him in the head, but Argov survived, spending the next three months in a coma, and the rest of his life disabled, until his death in February 2003.
  • The shooting of Argov led to the IDF invasion of Lebanon and has been compared to the assassination of Ferdinand which triggered World War I
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Attack on Brussels Synagogue
September 18, 1982
  • Four people are wounded when a synagogue in Brussels is attacked in a "shoot and run" incident.
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Attack on Great Synagogue of Rome
October 9, 1982
  • Five elegantly dressed attackers threw at least three hand grenades and sprayed a crowd of people with submachine fire, as they were leaving the central synagogue in Rome, Italy.
  • A 2-year-old toddler (Stefano Gaj Taché) was killed in the attack, and 37 people were injured.
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Assassination of Senior PLO Policy Advisor Issam Sartawi in Portugal
April 10, 1983
  • On April 10, 1983 Sartawi was shot and killed in the lobby of the Montechoro Hotel in Albufeira, Portugal.
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Abu Nidal Organization Expelled from Iraq by Saddam Hussein
1983
  • Saddam Hussein expelled the Abu Nidal Organization from Iraqi soil.
  • This was probably an attempt to gain western support for the ongoing war against Iran.
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Abu Nidal Organization Moves Training Camps to Syria
1983
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Abu Nidal Organization Expelled from Syria
1983
  • Syrian leadership expelled the Abu Nidal Organization from Syrian soil.
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Machine Gun Attack on Shoppers in Israeli Shopping Mall
April 2, 1984
  • 48 people are wounded by a machine gun attack on a crowded shopping mall in Jerusalem, Israel.
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Abu Nidal Organization Moves Training Camps to Libya
1985
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Silco Yacht Hijacking
July 7, 1985
  • A yacht carrying French and Belgian Jews was hijacked off the Gaza Strip and sailed to Libya with eight civilian hostages.
  • These people are then used as "bargaining chips" in Libyan dealings with France, and Abu Nidal dealing with Belgium, until they are all released in 1990.
  • Abu Nidal takes responsibility for this act in November 1987
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El Al Ticket Counters Attacked in Rome and Vienna
December 27, 1985
  • 18 injured, scores wounded
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Hijacking of Pan Am Flight 73 in Karachi
September 5, 1986
  • 20 killed, 120 wounded
  • The motivation for the hijacking was to attack the Israeli defense ministry, using the aircraft as a missile.
  • Twenty of the passengers were killed during the hijacking, of which 12 were from India and the rest were from United States, Pakistan and Mexico. All the hijackers were arrested and sentenced to death in Pakistan. However, the sentences were later commuted to life in prison against the wishes of India and the United States.


 

Attack on Neve Shalom Synagogue in Istanbul, Turkey
September 6, 1986
  • A suicide terror attack that killed 22 worshipers at Sabbath morning services.
  • Responsibility for the attack, which was undertaken by two terrorists armed with automatic rifles and hand grenades.
  • Because the terrorists – there were apparently two, and they apparently spoke Arabic -- who carried out the synagogue assault blew themselves up with grenades, they were never identified, and so the background of the attack has never been decisively resolved.
  • Gunmen stormed the Neve Shalom synagogue in Istanbul, Turkey during the Sabbath. They shot 22 people dead and set fire to the building before being killed in the (possibly deliberate) detonation of a grenade.


 

City of Poros Excursion Ship Attack in Greece
July 11, 1988
  • Earlier on the day of the attack, the pier that the City of Poros usually berthed at in Piraeus was rocked by the detonation of a large car bomb.
  • Due to the isolated location of the pier and the lack of tourists waiting on it (as the ship was at sea), the only fatalities were the two occupants of the vehicle, both of whom were killed instantly.
  • The bomb's intended target was almost certainly the ship, but the plan of attack will never be known, due to the premature detonation. It is possible that the attack which followed was a "Plan B" after the failure of the car bomb.
  • Three gunmen had boarded the ship as part of its normal intake of passengers at Aegina, and then had waited until the ship had left the port and was three miles into its journey before they attacked, at approximately 8.30pm.
  • Using concealed automatic weapons and hand grenades, they opened fire on their fellow passengers, who scattered in panic, many jumping overboard, which inadvertently caused many casualties amongst people who became caught in the ship's propellers.
  • Shortly after the attack began, the three gunmen were collected by their accomplices from the ship by a speedboat which pulled alongside before rapidly disappearing.
  • The rescue operation was carried out by those unhurt on board the ship and by other ships which soon arrived upon the transmission of a distress signal from the City of Poros.
  • Many of those in the water were rescued by these ships and taken to shore, where emergency services were waiting to transport the worst injuries to hospitals.
  • The final toll was nine killed and 98 injured, many seriously.
  • The dead were mostly tourists, including four from France and one each from Denmark, Sweden and Hungary, as well as two Greeks.


 

Attack on Shoppers at Shopping Center in Haifa, Israel
August 20, 1988
  • 25 wounded
  • 25 people are injured in a hand grenade explosion at a shopping centre in Haifa, Israel.
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Abu al-Hawl killed by Abu Nidal

 

Assassination of Fatah Officials
January 15, 1991
  • Abd ul-Hamid, HayEl (Abu al-Hawl), who was the PLO security chief, was assassinated by the Abu Nidal group in Tunis, together with Salah Khalaf (Abu Iyad) and Fakhri Al- Omari.
  • Salah Khalaf (Abu Iyad) was the second most senior official of Fatah after Yasser Arafat
  • Iyad's senior advisor Abu Muhammad (Fakhri al-Omari) was also killed in the attack
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Abu Nidal Assassinates PLO Officer Atef Bseiso in Paris
June 8, 1992
  • PLO officer Atef Bseiso was assassinated in Paris. ANO claimed credit, but PLO statement accused Mossad
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Abu Nidal Assassinates PLO Official in Lebanon
November 15, 1993
  • A PLO official was assassinated in Sidon, Lebanon.
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Abu Nidal Assassinates Jordanian Diplomat in Beirut
1994
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Abu Nidal Organization Ejected from Libya
Late 1990s
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Jordan Sentences Abu Nidal To Death, In Abstentia
2001
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Libyan Intelligence Officials Indicted in Lockerbie Bombing
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Gaddafi Begins Distancing Himself from Terrorism
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Gaddafi Expels Abu Nidal from Libya
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Abu Nidal Goes to Iraq, Where He Planned First Terrorist Attack 26 Years Earlier
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Iraqi Government Declares Nidal Entered Iraq Illegally, Under Fake Yemeni Passport
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Abu Nidal Shot Dead in Iraq
August 16, 2002
  • Other sources disagree about the cause of death. Palestinian sources told journalists that Abu Nidal had in fact died of multiple gunshot wounds.
  • Marie Colvin and Sonya Murad, writing in The Sunday Times, say that he was assassinated by a hit squad of 30 men from Office 8, the Iraqi Mukhabarat assassination unit.
  • When they arrived to raid his house on August 14 (not August 16, according to Jane's), fighting broke out between Abu Nidal's men and Iraqi intelligence.
  • In the midst of this, Abu Nidal rushed into his bedroom and was killed, though Jane's writes it remains unclear whether he killed himself or was killed by someone else.
  • Jane's sources insist that his body bore several gunshot wounds.
  • Jane's suggests that Saddam Hussein may have ordered him arrested and killed because he regarded Abu Nidal as a mercenary who would have acted against him in the event of an American invasion, if the money had been right.