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Christianity

"In God we trust.
All others we monitor."

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Christian  World Population "Republicans have transformed our party into the political arm of conservative Christians."
Married women had no legal independence, including no legal rights over children
Antipopes
  • Natalius (200)
  • Hippolytus (217 - 236)
  • Novatian (251 - 258)
  • Felix II (355 - 365)
  • Ursicinus (366 - 367)
  • Eulalaius (418 - 419)
  • Laurentius (498 - 499; 501-506)
  • Dioscorus (530)
  • Theodore II (687)
  • Paschal I (687)
  • Constantine II (767 - 768)
  • Philip (768)
  • John VIII (844)
  • Anastasius III (855)
  • Christopher (903 - 904)
  • Boniface VII (974; 984 - 985)
  • John XVI (997 - 998)
  • Gregory VI (1012)
  • Benedict X (1058 - 1059)
  • Honorius (1061 - 1064)
  • Clement III (1080 - 1100)
  • Theodoric (1101)
  • Adalbert (1101)
  • Sylvester IV (1105 - 1111)
  • Gregory (1118 - 1121)
  • Celestine (1124)
  • Anacletus (1130 - 1138)
  • Victor IV (1138)
  • Victor IV (1159 - 1164) [different than Victor IV of 1138)
  • Paschal III (1164 - 1168)
  • Callixtus III (1168 - 1178)
  • Innocent III (1179 - 1180)
  • Nicholas V (1328 - 1330)
  • Clement VII 1378 - 1394)
  • Benedict XIII (1394 - 1423)
  • Alexander V (1409 - 1410)
  • John XXIII (1410 - 1415)
  • Clement VIII (1423 - 1429)
  • Benedict XIV (1424 - 1429)
  • Benedict XIV (1430 - 1437) [different from Benedict XIV of 1424 - 1429)
  • Felix V (1439 - 1449)
Articles
  • Backlash Against Tithing, The
  • Force of Fundamentalism - Conservative Christians are Making their Mark on American Culture
  • Pope Declares War On the Devil, With an Exorcist in Every Parish
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Books

Catholic Churches

Church Fathers
  • Ignatius of Antioch (35 or 50 - 98 or 117)
  • Clement of Rome ( - 101)
  • Polycarp of Smyrna (69 - 155)
  • Justin Martyr (100 - 165)
  • Tatian (120 - 180)
  • Athenagoras of Athens (130 - 190)
  • Clement of Alexandria (150 - 215)
  • Sextus Julius Africanus (late 2nd to early 3rd century)
  • Irenaeus ( - 202)
  • Tertullian (160 - 220)
  • Origen (185 - 254)
  • Cyprian ( - 258)
  • Eusebius of Caesarea (263 - 339)
  • Athanasius of Alexandria (293 - 373)
  • Basil of Caeserea (330 - 379)
  • Gregory of Nazianus (330 - 389)
  • Gregory of Nyssa (335 - 394)
  • Peter of Sebaste (340 - 391)
  • Ambrose of Milan (340 - 397)
  • John Chrysostom (347 - 407)
  • Jerome of Stridonium (347 - 420)
  • Augustine of Hippo (354 - 430)
  • Cyril of Alexandria (378 - 444)
  • Gregory the Great (540 - 604)
  • John of Damascus (676 - 749)

Commentaries
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Councils
  • First Council of Nicaea (325)
  • Council of Sardica (343)
  • Council of Sirmium (357)
  • Council of Rimini (359)
  • Council of Laodicea (363-364)
  • First Council of Constantinople (381)
  • Council of Rome (382)
  • First Council of Ephesus (431)
  • First Council of Orange (441)
  • Second Council of Ephesus (449)
  • Council of Chalcedon (451)
  • Second Council of Orange (529)
  • Second Council of Constantinople (553)
  • Council of Macon (585)
  • Third Council of Toledo (589)
  • Third Council of Constantinople (680-681)
  • Second Council of Nicaea (787)
  • Fourth Council of Constantinople (869-870)
  • Council of Sutri (1046)
  • Council of Clermont (1095)
  • First Lateran Council (1123)
  • Third Lateran Council (1179)
  • Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
  • First Council of Lyons (1245)
  • Second Council of Lyons (1274)
  • Fifth Council of Constantinople (1341 - 1351)
  • Council of Oxford (1408)
  • Council of Pisa (1409)
  • Council of Constance (1414 - 1418)
  • Council of Sienna (1423-1424)
  • Council of Florence (1431-1435)
  • Fifth Lateran Council (1512 - 1517)
  • Council of Trent (1545 - 1563)
  • Stoglav Council (1551)
  • First Vatican Council (1869-1870)
  • Second Vatican Council (1962 - 1965)

Creeds
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Disciples
  • Simon, called Peter
  • Andrew
  • James
  • John
  • Philip
  • Bartholomew
  • Thomas
  • James
  • Matthew
  • Simon the Canaanite
  • Judas Iscariot
  • Judas, son or brother of James



Black Madonna of Czestochowa in Poland

Doctrines
  • Assumption of Mary (1950)
  • God is Unbegotten (350)
  • Jesus and God of One Substance (250)
  • Jesus Divine But Not Human (449)
  • Jesus Had Human Body But Divine Spirit (390)
  • Jesus Had True Human Soul (381)
  • No Forgiveness for Sins After Baptism (258)
  • Papal Infallibility (1869 - 1870)

Female Christian Heads of State
  • Finland - Tarja Halonen
  • Ireland - Mary Robinson
  • Ireland - Mary McAleese
  • Switzerland - Micheline Calmy-Rey
  • Switzerland - Ruth Dreifuss
  • Malta - Agatha Barbara
  • Britain - Margaret Thatcher
  • Germany - Angela Merkel

Founders
  • Jesus of Nazareth
  • Paul of Tarsus
  • Peter
  • John the Apostle
  • Thomas

Fundamentalism
  • British Israelites
  • Christian Zionism
  • Televangelists
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Groups
  • Roman Catholic
  • Arian
  • Marion
  • Calvinist
  • Lutheran
  • Baptist
  • Methodist
  • Episcopalian

 
Pope John Paul II kissing the Qur'an
Discussion of Pope and the Qur'an

History

Jargon
  • Adoration
  • Atonement
  • Divine Grace
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Leaders

‘The Jews' guilt of the crucifixion of Jesus consigned them to perpetual servitude, and, like Cain, they are to be wanderers and fugitives. The Jews will not dare to raise their necks, bowed under the yoke of perpetual slavery, against the reverence of the Christian faith.’ Pope Innocent III, 1237

Legal
  • Catechism
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‘Set Jewish synagogues on fire for the honor of God. God will see we are Christians when we get rid of the Jews. Likewise homes should be destroyed; they should be put in a stable; they are not heirs of promises of God and deserve to die.’ Martin Luther, 1543

Lineage of Jesus
  • Luke
  • Matthew
  • 1 Chronicles
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Kill us, torture us, condemn us, grind us to dust; your injustice is the proof that we are innocent... The more we are hewn down by you, the more numerous do we become. The blood of Christians is seed. (Tertullian, Apology 50:13).

Martyrs
  • Saint Stephen
  • Ignatius of Antioch (107)
  • Clement of Rome
  • Polycarp of Smyrna (160)
  • Justin Martyr (165)
  • Blandina (177)
  • Perpetua (202)
  • Felicity (202)
  • Hippolytus (236)
  • Ursula (237)
  • Origen (250)
  • Saint George (303)
  • Saint Afra (304)
  • Philomena (305)

Real desire to prove the totality of Christian faith (e.g., Origen On Martyrdom)

  • Saint Januarius (305)
  • Valentine (715)
  • Engratia (715)
  • Ludmila (921)
  • King Edward the Martyr (979)
  • Stanislaus (1079)
  • Thomas Becket (1170)
  • John Huss (1415)
  • Jerome of Prague (1416)
  • Joan of Arc (1431)
  • Savonarola (1498)

The word "martyr" comes from Greek word for "witness".
Did not actually have to die to be a martyr, but to suffer for faith (slavery, prison, mines).
Romans tried to avoid creating Christian martyrs; accused were given several opportunities to offer sacrifice


The Christian martyr Blandina

Masterworks
  • City of God by St. Augustine
  • Confessions of St. Augustine
  • Divine Comedy: Inferno
  • Divine Comedy: Purgatory
  • Divine Comedy: Paradise
  • Erasmus-Luther Discourse on Free Will
  • Imitation of Christ
  • Last Letters of Thomas Moore
  • Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
  • Paradise Lost
  • Pensees
  • Pilgrim's Progress
  • Praise of Folly
  • Scandal of the Incarnation
  • Spiritual Sayings of Kahlil Gibran
  • Summa Theologica
  • Treatise On Happiness: Thomas Aquinas
  • Vita Nuova, La
Movements
  • Marcionism
  • Valentianism
  • Montanism
  • Adoptionism
  • Manicheanism
  • Monasticism
  • Arianism
  • Priscillianism
  • Rosicrucians

Movies
  • Crucible, The
  • Elmer Gantry
  • Greatest Story Ever Told
  • Jesus Camp
  • Passion of the Christ
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Names for Jesus Matrix
  • Rabbi
  • Son of God
  • Son of Man
  • Thy Servant
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New Testament Writers Matrix
  • Matthew
  • Mark
  • Luke
  • John
  • Peter
  • James
  • Jude
  • Paul
Pagan Influence Over Christianity
  • December 25th and Sol Invictus
  • Dionysus and Jesus Christ
  • Easter Named for Pagan Goddess
  • Yule Logs
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Places Significant to Christianity
  • Armageddon (Mount Megiddo)
  • Church of the Holy Sepulchre
  • Church of the Nativity
  • Mount Athos
  • Saint Peter's Basilica
  • Tree of Matariyah
Popes
  •  
Prayer
  • Ave Maria
  • Hail Mary
  • Lord's Prayer (Dante's)
  • Lord's Prayer (Modern)
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Principles
  • Ablution Before Entering the Temple
  • Atonement
  • Be Constantly in Prayer
  • Be Fearful of God
  • Cardinal Sins
  • Cardinal Virtues
  • Divinity in the Thoughts and Minds of the Greco-Roman Culture
  • Evangelize the World
  • God's Law Prevails Over Laws of Men
  • Golden Rule
  • Intercession
  • Intermarriage to Non-Christians Forbidden
  • Jesus Distinguishes Himself from God
  • Jesus Feeding Crowd Already Done By Elisha in Old Testament
  • Jesus Has Done Away with Sin Forever
  • Jesus Has No Authority
  • Jesus Inferior to the Father
  • Jesus Is But a Man, a Mediator for Men to God
  • Jesus Not Only Begotten Son of God
  • Jesus Not Only One Filled with Holy Spirit, Did Not Make Others Divine
  • Jesus Sent Only for Israelites
  • Jesus/God Tempted???
  • Man is Unacceptable to God
  • Man is Inherently Sinful
  • Man Will Worship Jesus In Vain, Through Man-Made Doctrines
  • Marriage
  • Money
  • Old Testament Actually Foretells Jesus
  • One God Only (Implies No Trinity)
  • Perpetual Adoration
  • Prefer Death to Sinning
  • Prophet of Nazareth, Jesus is Declared
  • Satan is on the Prowl to Devour You
  • Sin
  • Sword Verses
  • Transubstantiation
  • Trinity
  • Women

Relics Significant to Christianity
  • Great Chalice of Antioch
  • Santo Caliz
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John Dominic Crossan

Scholars
  • Bert Ehrman
  • Elaine Pagels
  • John Dominic Crossan
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Didache

Scriptures