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Intel - Regions
Africa - North
Egypt

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All others we monitor."

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In early 1950s, Egypt's Nasser was in regular communication with Moshe Sharett, Ben-Gurion's foreign minister, and the second Prime Minister of Israel. Therefore there was a real possibility of an Egyptian-Israeli peace agreement back then.

US Foreign Aid to Egypt approximately $1.8 billion per year

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Lt. Khalid al-Islambouli, assassin of Sadat

 

Books
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St. Catherine's is the oldest monastery in the world, located at Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Built in 527 CE, and protected by the Prophet Muhammad

Border Nations
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Cities
  • Cairo (7,786,640)
  • Giza (6,272,571)
  • Zagzig (5,340,058)
  • Mansura (4,985,187)
  • Damanhur (4,737,129)
  • Banha (4,237,003)
  • Minya (4,179,309)
  • Alexandria (4,110,015)
  • Tanta (4,010,298)
  • Sohag (3,746,377)
  • Asyut (3,441,597)
  • Shibn el-Kom (3,270,404)
  • Qena (3,001,494)
  • Kafr el-Sheikh (2,618,111)
  • Faiyum (2,512,792)
  • Beni Suef (2,290,527)
  • Aswan (1,184,432)
  • Damietta (1,092,316)
  • Ismailia (942,832)
  • Helwan (643,327)
  • Port Said (570,768)
  • Suez (510,935)
  • 6th of October City (500,000)
  • Luxor (451,318)
Conflicts
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Demographics
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Enemies and Allies
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Financial
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Geographics
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Government
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History - Ancient
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History - Modern
  • Oil production in Egypt begins (1910)
  • Hassan al-Banna assassinated - 1949
  • Nasser coup against King Farouk (1952)
  • "Evacuation Day" monarchy abolished, Egypt declared a republic (June 18, 1953)
  • Muslim Brotherhood illegal in 1954 after assassination attempts against Nasser
  • Nasser seeks US funding for Aswan Dam, rejected by Dulles
  • Nasser seeks Soviet funding for Aswan Dam, never provided
  • Nasser nationalizes Suez Canal, kicking out British and French, uses profits to fund construction of Aswan Dam (1956)
  • Egypt nationalizes BP oil assets (1964)
  • Muslim Brotherhood opposed Egypt's pact with Israel
  • Oil Shocks (1973-1974)
  • Six Day War
  • Execution of Sayyid Qutb - 1966
  • Nasser dies, Sadat assumes Presidency - 1970
  • Yom Kippur War - 1973
  • "Bread Riot" protested economy in Egypt - 1977
  • Camp David Peace Accords - 1977
  • Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty - 1979
  • Arab League expels Egypt following peace treaty with Israel - 1979
  • A 1979 law granting women more civil rights further earned Saddat the ire of Islamists.
  • June 1981 tensions between Muslims and Copts in Egypt exploded into a gruesome round of violence in the overcrowded Cairo slum of al-Zawiyya al-Hamra, precipitated by intense summer heat coupled with frequent cutoffs in the water supply. Men, women, and children were slaughtered.
  • September, Sadat cracked down on both sides with mass arrests and brutal police tactics. The powerful Islamic student associations were banned on September 3; their leaders were arrested and roughed up. The head of the Coptic Church, Pope Shenuda III, was banished to a monastery.
  • Anwar Saddat Assassination - October 6, 1981
  • Egypt begins to develop gas sector (1985)
  • Egyptian court rules Muslim Brotherhood will remain illegal (February 1992)
  • Muslim Brotherhood caught in coup attempt against Mubarak (February 11, 1992)
  • Muslim Brotherhood formally announces opposition to Mubarak's unopposed candidacy for the Presidency in October's elections July 12, 1992
  • Faiez Nagib, president of the Coptic government in exile called for the formation of a Coptic Pharaonic Republic in upper Egypt, August 29, 1992
  • Foreign Minister Amre Moussa declared Arab countries should not sign a chemical weapon ban until Israel gives up its nuclear weapons and signs the Non-Proliferation Treaty (September 26, 1992)
  • Egypt executes Islamists in July 1993
  • Mubarak approved plan to move 15,000 Egyptian settlers into disputed Halaib territory on the Sudanese border. Reportedly the motion included plans for constructing power stations, hospitals, schools, and living quarters. Reportedly 15,000 Egyptian troops were moved to the border, in anticipation of war with Sudan. August 10, 1993.
  • Car of Egyptian General Osman Ahmed Metwalli Shaheen, ambushed by Islamists, killing three, but not the general (July 17, 1993)
  • Two Egyptian Military officers charged in Islamist coup attempt against Mubarak. The group of nineteen arrested, included two uniformed army officers, one of which had been on Mubarak's personal security staff. The group was found to have a detailed drawing of Mubarak's house and those of his neighbors. August 31, 1993
  • Assassination attempt against Mubarak in Addis Abba (June 26, 1995)
Language
  • Arabic (official)
  • English and French widely understood by educated classes
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News
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Organizations
  • Arab League
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Religion
  • Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%
  • Coptic 9%
  • other Christian 1%
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Reports
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RSS
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Terrorism
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Treaties
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