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Intel - History
Taliban Revolution

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Zbignew Brezinski Describes of Crisis" January 15, 1979

Soviet-Backed Regime Overthrown in 1992
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Afghanistan Plunged Into Civil War, Competing Warlords Struggle for Power
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Two Girls Allegedly Abducted and Raped By Mujahideen Commander Near Kandahar 1994
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Mullah Omar Reportedly Gathers 30 Taliban (Students), Rescues Girls, Hangs Mujahideen Commander 1994
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Mullah Omar Enters Pakistan, Returns with Heavy Weaponry and 1500 Fighters, Summer 1994

Taliban Rise to Power September 1994
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Taliban executing women in soccer stadium

Taliban Seizes Half of Southern Region February 1995
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Taliban Seizes Herat Province, Along Iranian Border 1995
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Rare photo taken by Peter Lorimer, of Mullah
Muhammad Omar on a Kandahar rooftop, draped in the cloak of the Prophet Muhammad

Mullah Omar Wears Cloak of Muhammad April 1996
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Osama bin Laden Returns to Afghanistan, from Sudan May 19, 1996
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Bin Laden's Son Marries Mullah Omar's Daughter (1996?)
  • Mr. bin Laden’s son later marries Mullah Omar’s daughter.
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Taliban Seizes Kabul Sept 26, 1996
  • This was accomplished with the assistance of the Pakistani military.
  • This has been the only real military victory by the Pakistani military
  • Done under Benazhir Bhutto
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Taliban style restrictions are
 imposed on Afghan women

 

Taliban Imposes "Morality Codes" of Conduct
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Taliban executes opponents,
Hanging them on a crane

 

Taliban Publicly Hangs Dissidents
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Taliban Government Recognized by Pakistan May 25 1997
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Taliban Government Recognized by Saudi Arabia May 26 1997
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Taliban Bans Opium Production Autumn 1997
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Taliban Visits Unocal in Texas for Oil Pipeline Deal December 4 1997
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Clinton's Diplomat Requests Taliban Surrender Osama bin Laden to US Officials Mid-April 1998
  • Bill Richardson, the US Ambassador to the UN, meets Taliban officials in Kabul.
  • (All such meetings are illegal, because the US still officially recognizes the government the Taliban ousted as the legitimate rulers of Afghanistan.)
  • US officials at the time call the oil and gas pipeline project a “fabulous opportunity” and are especially motivated by the “prospect of circumventing Iran, which offers another route for the pipeline.”
  • Richardson tries to persuade the Taliban to hand over bin Laden to the US, promising to end the international isolation of the Taliban if they cooperate.
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Taliban Murders 11 Iranian Diplomats, Iran Nearly Goes to War Over This
  • Eleven diplomats from Iranian were killed by the Taliban.
  • Iran nearly went to war over this incident, and amassed thousands of troops on the border, in preparation
  • At the same time, the crazed Taliban invaders stormed the consulate of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and kidnapped the ten diplomats and one journalist from the national press agency IRNA, who were there.
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Taliban Seizes Mazar-e-Sharif, Giving It Control of 90% of Country
August 8, 1998
  • It was on August 8 when the Taliban conquered the northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif, that tensions with neighboring Iran flared up.
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Taliban Slaughtered Over 6,000 Shiites
August 8, 1998
  • According to reports verified by the UN and other humanitarian aid officials, the Taliban slaughtered up to 6,000 ethnic Hazaras, who, like the Iranians, are Shiite Muslims.
  • According to reports of diplomats who had fled the city, "Young men over 16 were brought out of their houses into the streets and had their throats slit in a ritualistic killing."
  • Debriefings of surviving Hazaras family members, provided further reports, "that younger boys had both hands chopped off at the wrist." Children were mutilated, bodies were left to rot in the streets, and anyone seeking to flee, was summarily shot.

 

Clinton Orders Missile Strikes Against Al Qaeda Training Camps in Afghanistan, August 20, 1998
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Taliban Admits Killing Iranian Diplomats
September 10, 1998
  • It was only on September 10, that Taliban spokesmen admitted that the Iranians had been killed.
  • They claimed that the men had been shot by fighters "acting on their own," i.e., rogue elements not following orders of the central command.
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Iranian President Khatami Speaks Out Against the Taliban
September 11, 1998
  • While three days of official mourning were declared, Iranian President Seyyed Mohammad Khatami denounced the atrocities, in a message read at Friday prayers on September 11th.
  • "The primitivity, irrationality, and adventurism of the uncouth Taliban has been the cause of enormous catastrophe taking the innocent and defenseless lives of thousands and thousands of Afghan children, women, and men," it read.
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Hundreds of Hazaras Shiites have been imprisoned and dozens of them have been publicly executed by the Taliban

Taliban Purges Herat of Shi'a Muslims Mid-May 1999
  • Peering at the 60-foot-high faces of four of America's most famous presidents, the dozen robed and bearded Afghans drew little attention at the base of Mt. Rushmore in July 1999.
  • Only bullet and shrapnel scars beneath their heavy attire would be clues that these visitors were militia commanders, some with ties to Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaida network.
  • For the next five weeks, the men were feted at private parties, escorted on tours of other local landmarks, including a school and hospital, and given cash for a shopping mall excursion where most bought scented soaps and silk stockings.
Executive Order Issued Against Taliban July 1999
  • With the chances of a pipeline deal with the Taliban looking increasingly unlikely, President Clinton finally issues an executive order prohibiting commercial transactions with the Taliban.
  • The order also freezes the Taliban’s US assets.
  • Clinton blames the Taliban for harboring bin Laden..
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Taliban Visit US, Courtesy of Unocal July - August 1999
  • Peering at the 60-foot-high faces of four of America's most famous presidents, the dozen robed and bearded Afghans drew little attention at the base of Mt. Rushmore in July 1999.
  • Only bullet and shrapnel scars beneath their heavy attire would be clues that these visitors were militia commanders, some with ties to Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaida network.
  • For the next five weeks, the men were feted at private parties, escorted on tours of other local landmarks, including a school and hospital, and given cash for a shopping mall excursion where most bought scented soaps and silk stockings.
United Nations Security Council Votes in Favor of Sanctions 1999
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US Imposes Sanctions October 10, 1999
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Envoy of Taliban in Islamabad, Mulla Abdul Salam 
Zaeef held talks with the U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan,
 William Milam. This was the second meeting of the
 present Taliban envoy with his American counterpart, 
in the Pakistani capital.

US Ambassador to Pakistan Meets with Taliban Ambassador November 2, 2000
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Taliban brutally killed many people because 
they belong to Hazara ethnic minority

Yakaolang Massacre of 300
January 7, 2001
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Ancient Buddha Statues Before Taliban Destruction
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Taliban Destroys Ancient Buddha Statues March 21, 2001
  • The Taliban begins blowing up two giant stone Buddhas of Bamiyan (ancient statues carved into an Afghan mountainside, which are considered priceless treasures).
  • They face great international condemnation in response, but no longer seem to be courting international recognition.
  • In March, the Taliban order the demolition of two statues of Buddha, one 38 metres tall and about 1,800 years old, the other 53 metres tall and about 1,500 years old.

Ancient Buddha Remains After Taliban Destruction
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Taliban Requires Hindus To Wear Markings on Clothing, Identifying Them as Non-Muslims 2001
  • In subsequent months, the Taliban institute a policy of requiring all Hindus living in their territories to wear distinguishing labels on their clothing to mark them as non-Muslims.
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Taliban Bans Internet, Chess, Music 2001
  • The Taliban also bans the use of the Internet, playing cards, computer discs, movies, satellite TV, musical instruments and chessboards after declaring them against Islamic law.
  • Some of the Taliban's more extreme decisions are viewed as signs that al-Qaeda has a growing influence over the government.

Enron in Talks with Taliban July 2001
  • A report by an Afghan-born Enron manager in July 2001, for instance, illustrates that company's deep interest in some sort of pipeline deal. Enron had begun funding the same sorts of humanitarian projects as Unocal had three years earlier.
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Iran Saw 9/11 As Chance to Eliminate Taliban
  • IRAN SAW 9/11 AS CHANCE TO ELIMINATE TALIBAN...REACHED OUT TO USA Iran saw September 11 as an important opportunity to rid itself of the Taliban...First, it sent official condolences to the mayor of New York after September 11, the first time any such gesture had been made since the 1979 revolution. Second - and even more strikingly - it offered itself as a place where damaged American aircraft could land during missions over Afghanistan. It was not a militarily critical offer, but it was a public gesture that Iran was prepared to collaborate in an American war in Afghanistan, and Iran's willingness to make such a gesture was significant. It had not changed its basic view of the United States, but it desperaty wanted the United States to take out the Taliban. [source: America's Secret War, pp. 156-157]
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First Ever Suicide Bombing in Afghanistan, Kills Mahmoud September 9, 2001 
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Terrorist Attacks in USA September 11, 2001 
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US Delivers Ultimatum to US September 20, 2001 
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Afghanistan Found to Have Significant Oil, Natural Gas, Copper, Coal, Uranium, etc. October 5, 2001 
  • Contrary to popular belief, Afghanistan “has significant oil and gas deposits.
  • During the Soviets’ decade-long occupation of Afghanistan, Moscow estimated Afghanistan’s proven and probable natural gas reserves at around five trillion cubic feet and production reached 275 million cubic feet per day in the mid-1970s.”
  • Nonstop war since has prevented further exploitation. [Asia Times, 10/5/2001]
  • A later article suggests that the country may also have as much copper as Chile, the world’s largest producer, and significant deposits of coal, emeralds, tungsten, lead, zinc, uranium ore, and more.
  • Estimates of Afghanistan’s natural wealth may even be understated, because surveys were conducted decades ago, using less-advanced methods and covering limited territory. [Houston Chronicle, 12/23/2001]

US Begins Bombing Afghanistan October 7, 2001
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Karzai Assumes Power in Afghanistan December 22, 2001
  • Afghan Prime Minister Hamid Karzai and his transitional government assume power in Afghanistan.
  • It was reported a few weeks before that he had been a paid consultant for Unocal at one time (Karzai and Unocal both deny this), as well as Deputy Foreign Minister for the Taliban.
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Afghanistan now produces 92 per cent (6,100 tons)
of the world’s supply of opium used to make heroin

Opium cultivation surges by 59% in Afghanistan September 4, 2006
  • Afghanistan’s opium cultivation surged by 59 per cent this year largely as a result of a Taliban-led insurgency that is pushing the southern part of the country to the verge of collapse, the United Nations drugs agency chief said at the weekend.
  • Antonio Maria Costa, head of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, said in Kabul that the record harvest of 6,100 tons was “staggering” and “very bad news”.
  • Afghanistan now produces 92 per cent of the world’s supply of opium used to make heroin, Mr Costa said.
  • In Helmand, where most British troops are stationed, the area under opium cultivation soared by 162 per cent as a result of corruption and efforts by insurgents to encourage production.