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LC514 - Root Causes of Terrorism
Paul Medhurst: pm235@online.apus.edu or paul.medhurst@chello.at 

My Office Hours for telephone discussions on this course are Tuesdays from 7pm until 8pm local Austrian (EU) time (GMT+1)

As a general rule, Students should interact weekly (i.e. conduct 2 way communication) with the Course Professor, primarily using e-mail.

Week One
Introduction to Terror and its Roots: The Iranian Revolution 
   
  • Week 1 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7. 
  • To introduce the course topic. To assess multiple opinions as to the degree of influence upon terrorism, by societal, personal, cultural and psychological factors. To evaluate the underlying western involvement in engineering the Iranian Revolution and related terrorism.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Contents and Introduction. Lessons 1 and 2. 
    Bjøergo: Preface, p. xvii to xviii. Chapters 1 to 5, p. 1 to 69. 
    Dreyfuss: Preface, p. vii to x. Ch 1-4, p. 1-98. ‘Hostage to Khomeini’
    Hartwright: Preface, p. i to viii. Glossary, p. 477 to 491. 
    Course Materials
    : Week 1 Folder contents. 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD Available at:
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/ portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat.  

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Mandatory Contact due with Course Professor by e-mail (click on ‘Mailbox’ inside Electronic Campus) or telephone. 

    Assignment # 2: Commence ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity . See below (Weekly Notes) for further instructions. 

    Assignment # 3: Read the ‘Writing Standards & Grading Criteria’, ‘Written Papers’, ’Source Citation’ and ‘How to Critically Analyse’, files (Click on ‘Course Materials’, then the folder named ‘INT 660’). 

    Assignment # 4: Read the file on Rubrics (click on ‘Course Materials’ then the folder ‘Rubrics Assessment Folder’). 

Week Two
Justifications, Motivations and Catalysts. Negotiation. Suicide Terrorism. Religion
   
  • Week 2 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. 
  • To assess reasons cited by terrorists as justification; to examine the phenomena of suicide bombing; to weigh the influence of religion upon 
    terrorism, and the use of terrorism as part of the Palestinian resistance.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Lessons 3 and 4. 
    Bjøergo:
    Chapters 6 to 8, p. 70 to 116. 
    Hartwright:
    Chapter 6, p. 97 to 118. 
    History Channel:
    The Point: Suicide Bombers (DVD). 
    Course Materials
    : Week 2 Folder contents. 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity 

    Assignment # 2: Commence EXAM 1: Terrorism & Roots Examination
    See Appendix B for instructions for this exam. 

Week Three
Terrorism Profiles, Weapons and Logistics. Separatist, Political, Criminal, and Academic Influences upon Terrorism
   
  • Week 3 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 3 and 7. 
  • To examine terrorist groups, weapons and logistics. To evaluate opinion that roots and influence upon terrorism variously lay in national separatism, political extremism, organized criminal gangs, and academia. 
  • Exam One due
    30 Multiple Choice Questions - 25%
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Lessons 5 and 6. 
    Bjøergo:
    Chapters 9 to 14, p. 119 to 187. 
    Hartwright:
    Chapters 1 to 5, p. 1 to 95. 
    Course Materials
    : Week 3 Folder contents. 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity 

    Turn-in: EXAM 1: Terrorism & Roots Examination
    by the end of this week. 

Week Four
Types of Terrorist Act. Resolution & Prevention. 
Inappropriate [catalyst] Countermeasures. Historical & Political Roots. Media & Arts, Environmental and 
Animal Rights Influences upon Terrorism
   
  • Week 4 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 3, 6 and 7. 
  • To examine terrorist acts, targets and tactics. To assess measures to resolve terrorism; to weigh terrorism prevention initiatives; to examine inappropriate counter-terrorism methods which may catalyse or exacerbate terrorism; to evaluate historical and political roots, and evaluate influences of media & arts and animal & environmental rights groups.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Lessons 7 and 8. 
    Bjøergo:
    Chapters 17 to 20, p. 215 to 262. 
    Hartwright:
    Chapters 7 to 13, p. 119 to 292. 
    Course Materials
    : Week 4 Folder contents. 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity. 

    Assignment # 2: Commence ASSIGNMENT 2: Research Analysis Paper (See Weekly Notes below and 
    Appendix B for instructions).  

Week Five
Terrorism Tactics and Targets. Sponsorship of 
Terrorism, State Terrorism, Covert State Creation of the Muslim Brotherhood Terrorist Group. Minority 
and Population Issues in Context of Terrorism Roots.
   
  • Week 5 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. 
  • To examine terrorist victims and terrorism and the Cold War. To evaluate sponsorship of terrorism; to assess terrorism committed by the state and examine the political machinations and long term consequences of manipulating Islamic fanaticism and forming the Muslim Brotherhood, for colonial motives - usurious banking practices and stifling development.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Lessons 9 and 10. 
    Bjøergo:
    Chapters 15 and 16, p. 189 to 213. 
    Dreyfuss:
    Chapters 5 to 7, p. 99 to 172. 
    Hartwright:
    Chapters 14 to 16, p. 293 to 353. Chapters 18 to 22, p. 377 to 475. 
    Course Materials
    : Week 5 Folder contents. 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity. 

    Assignment # 2: Continue ASSIGNMENT 2: Research Analysis Paper (See weekly notes below).

Week Six
Anti-Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism. Terrorism, UN Resolutions, Instruments and the Future. The Cold War. Muslim Brotherhood in the U.S. Gender and Terrorism. Middle East Dispute
   
  • Assignment 2
    Research Analysis Paper - 30%
  • Week 6 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 4, 5, and 7.
  • To examine anti and counter terrorism. To assess the support activities for the Muslim Brotherhood and Iranian Intelligence in the USA during the hostage crisis. To evaluate the theories of gender & patriarchy, religion, philosophy and esthetics as possible roots or catalysts of terrorism. To examine the religious roots of the middle east dispute.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Medhurst: Lessons 11 and 12. 
    Dreyfuss:
    Chapters 8 to 10, p. 173 to 232. 
    Hartwright:
    Chapter 17, p. 355 to 376. 
    NPN / Pike:
    Why The Middle East Bleeds (DVD). 
    Course Materials
    : Week 6 Folder contents. 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity. 

    Turn-in: ASSIGNMENT 2: Research Analysis Paper. 
    Notify Course Professor by e-mail when your paper is uploaded. 


    Assignment # 2: Commence EXAM 2: Final Examination (See Weekly Notes below). 

Week Seven
Terrorism Review. Further Anti-Terrorism. 
   
  • Week 7 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7.
  • To reassess terrorism and its roots. To examine further anti-terrorism issues.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Course Materials: Week 7 Folder contents (slideshows and photographic anti-terrorism notes). 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1: Continue ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity. 

    Assignment # 2: Continue EXAM 2: Final Examination 

Week Eight
Al Qa’ida.
   
  • Exam 2 
    74 Multiple Choice Questions - 30%
  • Week 8 Learning Objectives: Course Objectives 1- 7 
  • To assess the Alqa’ida trans-national network, and terrorist weapons. To conclude the course.
  • Required Readings / Viewings: 
    Course Materials: Week 8 Folder contents (slideshows and photographic anti-terrorism notes). 
 
  • Supplemental Readings & Viewings (voluntary / recommended): 
    1) The Demon Lover: The Roots of Terrorism, by Robin Morgan. 2001, ISBN: 0743452933 

    2) The Power of Nightmares. A BBC produced 3-part documentary on Terrorism and The War on Terror, not shown in 
    http://www.archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares
    the US. Freely downloadable at: 
    There are several download options – the best quality are the three MPEG2 files 

    3) Last Best Chance. Produced by the Carnegie Corporation (NY) and the MacArthur Foundation. A free DVD 
    http://www.lastbestchance.org/
    portraying the potential domestic nuclear terrorism threat. Available at: 

    4) The Road to Al-Qaeda: The story of Bin Ladin’s Right Hand Man, by Montasser Al-Zayyat. 2002. ISBN: 0745321755 
  • Assignments / Turn Ins: 
    Assignment # 1. Commence and Turn In: STUDENT TESTIMONIAL 

    Assignment # 2: Commence UNITAR EXAM (not scored course work). Deadline: 1 year after enrolment.. 

    Assignment # 3: Check E-mail (click on ‘Mailbox’) twice during this final week of the course. 

    Turn In (complete): ASSIGNMENT 1: Discussion Board Activity 

    Turn In: EXAM 2: Final Examination